What is the difference between a birth injury and a birth defect?

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Birth injuries are generally caused by something that went wrong during delivery itself.

Birth defects usually involve harm to a baby that arose prior to birth due to something that happened during or before the pregnancy.

Birth Injuries                       

A birth injury happens during the labor and delivery process and is usually the result of a medical mistake that occurs while the baby is being born. These mishaps made by a negligent doctor or nurse can affect an otherwise healthy and normal baby.

Common Causes of Birth Injuries Due to Doctor Negligence

Forceps or Vacuum-Assisted Delivery: The most common birth injuries include bruises from the doctor using birthing instruments.If a doctor is too forceful with the birthing instruments, he could be considered negligent if he caused nerve or brain damage in the process.

Delayed Delivery or Prolonged Labor: If a doctor fails to monitor a baby for fetal distress, the baby can suffer from a lack of oxygen which can cause serious injury, permanent disabilities, and even death.

Types of Birth Injuries Caused by Medical Malpractice

  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Brain Damage and Head Trauma
  • Brachial Plexus (Erb’s Palsy)
  • Shoulder Dystocia
  • Broken Bones and Clavicle Fractures

Birth Defects

A birth defect is something that occurs during pregnancy and starts to affect a fetus while still in utero (in the mother’s womb). Birth defects can have serious and long-lasting effects on a child’s life, such as physical and mental disabilities. Some birth defects can be detected before a child is born, while others must be dealt with after birth.

What Causes a Birth Defect?

A birth defect can be genetic or caused by the mother’s actions, such as smoking, drinking, or drug use. Birth defects may also be caused by certain prescription medication.

Common Birth Defects 

  • Congenital Heart Defects
  • Down Syndrome
  • Spina Bifida
  • Cleft Lips or Palate
  • Clubfoot
  • Sickle-Cell Disease

Some surgeries and treatments may help these conditions, but some may not be remedied.

Has Your Family Been Impacted By A Birth Injury?

If your family has been impacted by a birth injury you need to speak with an experienced birth injury attorney as soon as possible. Contact us online or call our office directly at 888.450.4456 to schedule a free consultation.